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Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2011
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/127282
Description: International law governing international armed conflict has grown since 1945 to include many crimes for which individuals may be held criminally liable. The ICTY and its supporters claim that much of ... More
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2010
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/126323
Description: The author critically reviews the major issues dealt with on appeal in this important case, arguing that the law of genocide was mistated not only at the trial level but also on appeal. The internatio ... More
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2009
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/126451
Description: The paper explains the definition of "ordering" as a form of individual criminal responsibility in the context of international criminal law as practiced at the UN ad hoc criminal tribunals in The Hag ... More
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2009
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/132498
Description: This chapter critically examines the international case law that has as its historical foundation Article 3(a) of the Genocide Convention, namely principal criminal responsibility for the commission o ... More
Add  Slavery
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2009
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/126456
Description: The paper traces the development of the war crime of "forced or compulsory labour", as well as the crime against humanity of "enslavement", at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugosl ... More
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2009
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/126414
Description: A summary of the history of the defence of superior orders and of its present status in international criminal law. The author argues that its exclusion from the statutes of the ICTY and ICTR was an i ... More
Add  Torture
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2009
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/126401
Description: A summary of the history of the crime of torture and of its present status in international criminal law. The author argues that the UN ad hoc international criminal tribunals have defined torture so ... More
Authors: Zahar, Alexander
Date: 2008
Language: eng
Resource Type: book chapter
Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/126317
Description: The judgment of the ICTY Appeals Chamber in the Krnojelac case in September 2003 underscores the fact that the ICTY Trial Chambers still, at that stage, had no grip on the doctrine of joint criminal e ... More
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