This paper considers aspects of the context of those trading relationships where there is a contractual partner in Australia and a contractual partner in China, in the milieu of the first decade of the millennium. The paper is alert to the different traditional foundations underpinning commercial ventures in Australia and China. Against this backdrop specific cases from the Hong Kong court are sourced for the light they throw on arbitration as a dispute resolution mechanism in commercial ventures. Chinese legislation relevant to commercial arbitration is considered. The paper commends China’s arbitration legislation as a valuable dispute resolution mechanism in commercial ventures.