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Parenting and child psychosocial development after infertility management
Daya, Salim; Harrison, Robert F. and Kempers, Roger D.. Advances in fertility and reproductive medicine : proceedings of the 18th World Congress on Fertility and Sterility held in Montréal, Canada between 23 and 28 May 2004, p.351-358
Infertility management through assisted reproductive technology (ART) has increased over several decades. Concerns have been expressed that the distress associated with infertility, together with the medical and psychosocial demands of ART, may impact adversely on subsequent family functioning. A review of current research, however, revealed few differences in parenting after ART, relative to natural conception families. The parenting characteristics identified (e.g. early, child-focused concerns, more protective attitudes and warmth in parenting) are best understood contextually, and do not appear to translate into differences in ART-conceived peers. While cultural factors differentiate some aspects of ART parent adjustment, the findings indicate that protective social factors combined with an investment in parenthood mitigate adverse outcomes. Further targeted research is required as little is known of family adjustment beyond childhood or following conception through newer and less traditional ART procedures.