This paper examines one of the most profound and misused concepts in the world of medicine, law, business and almost every other field of scientific investigation. That is, to work on the assumption that everything happens for a reason and that there are always factors at play that 'causes' an event to happen. That is, for every action there will be a consequence and for every consequence there will have been some cause. The identification of these so-called causes is often not easy and subject to often gross errors that can have dire results. Along the way, this research uncovers some of the more bizarre cases along with a famous case which resulted in a tragic miscarriage of justice that rocked the legal world.