Preface: M. O. Grenby and Andrea Immel. Chronology: Eric J. Johnson. -- Part I. Contexts and Genres. 1. The origins of children's literature/M. O. Grenby. 2. Children's books and the constructions of childhood/Andrea Immel. 3. The making of children's books/Brian Alderson. 4. Picture book worlds and ways of seeing/Katie Trumpener. 5. The fear of poetry/Richard Flynn. 6. Retelling stories across time and cultures/John Stephens. 7. Classics and canons/Deborah Stevenson. -- Part II. Audiences. 8. Learning to be literate/ Lissa Paul. 9. Gender roles in children's fiction/Judy Simons. 10. Children's texts and the grown-up reader/U. C. Knoepfelmacher. 11. Ideas of difference in children's literature/Lynne Vallone. -- Part III. Forms and Themes. 12. Changing families in children's fiction/Kimberley Reynolds. 13. Traditions of the school story/Mavis Reimer. 14. Fantasy's alternative geography for children/Andrea Immel, U. C. Knoepfelmacher and Julia Briggs. 15. Animal and object stories/David Rudd. 16. Humour and the body in children's literature/Roderick McGillis.