Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.14/47169
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Investigation of the potential pharmacokinetic and pharmaco-dynamic drug interaction between AHN 1-055, a potent benztropine analog used for cocaine abuse, and cocaine after dosing rats using intracerebral microdialysis
Biopharmaceutics and drug disposition, Vol. 27, Issue 5, p.229-240
Purpose. AHN 1-055, a benztropine (BZT) analog, binds with high affinity to the dopamine transporter (DAT), possesses behavioral, pharmacokinetic (PK) and brain microdialysate dopamine (DA) profiles distinct from cocaine. Accordingly, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and dopamine release of AHN 1-055, in the presence of cocaine. Methods. Male Sprague Dawley rats (~300 g) were administered 5 mg/kg of AHN 1-055 and cocaine i.v. and blood and brain samples were collected over 36 h. In addition, dialysis probes were stereotaxically implanted into the nucleus accumbens and extracellular fluid (ECF) DA levels were measured. PK and PD models were used to describe the relationship between the AHN 1-055, cocaine and DA levels. Results. No significant (p50.05) differences were found in the PK parameters of AHN 1-055 alone (Vdss=18.7 l/kg, Cl=1.8 l/h/kg and t₁/₂=7.69 h) or AHN 1-055 with cocaine (Vdss=17.4 l/kg, Cl=1.9 l/h/kg and t₁/₂=6.82 h). The brain-to-plasma (B/P) ratios (B/PAHN ₁₋₀₅₅=4.8 vs B/Pwith cocaine=4.4) and half-lives (t₁/₂(AHN ₁₋₀₅₅)=6.2 h vs t₁/₂(cocaine)=5.6 h for AHN 1-055 alone and with cocaine were comparable. AHN 1-055 DA profiles were significantly different after co-administration with cocaine. There were no differences in the IC₅₀ for AHN 1-055, with cocaine, however, the IC₅₀ for cocaine was significantly reduced with AHN 1-055. Conclusions. The PK parameters of AHN 1-055 were not changed, however, the effect on DA levels was affected when cocaine was administered with AHNDA profile is affected when dosed with cocaine. This latter effect is a desirable attribute in the development of a medication as a potential substitute therapeutic medication for the treatment of cocaine abuse.