Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) image analysis is conventionally used for comparative proteomics. However, there are a number of technical difficulties associated with 2-DE protein separation that limit the depth of proteome coverage, and the image analysis steps are typically labor-intensive and low-throughput. Recently, mass spectrometry-based quantitation strategies have been described as alternative differential proteome analysis techniques. In this study, we investigated changes in protein expression using an ovarian cancer cell line, OVMZ6, 24 h post-stimulation with the relatively weak agonist, urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). Quantitative protein profiles were obtained by MALDI−TOF/TOF from stable isotope-labeled cells in culture (SILAC), and these results were compared to the quantitative ratios obtained using 2-DE gel image analysis. MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry showed that differential quantitation using SILAC was highly reproducible (~8% coefficient of variation (CV)), and this variance was considerably lower than that achieved using automated 2-DE image analysis strategies (CV~25%). Both techniques revealed subtle alterations in cellular protein expression following uPA stimulation. However, due to the lower variances associated with the SILAC technique, smaller changes in expression of uPA-inducible proteins could be found with greater certainty.