Hazardous substances are part of modern life. Modern industry is the principal source of these substances, with the major portion coming from chemical industries. Frequently, they are vital ingredients in industrial processes or life saving medical procedures. Despite these benefits, their ever increasing use and the consequent hazards which they may occasion, and indeed have occasioned. To the environment has developed an awareness by governments, environmental groups, industry, and the community generally that strict controls are needed in this area. As a result, legislation to control the manufacture and disposal of these substances has been enacted by all jurisdictions in Australia.