The paper will take a global perspective on high-risk road users to begin with, considering not only motor vehicle drivers but also non-motorised users and then working back to consider young men who are probably seen as the highest risk group in Australia. But are they really? The paper will look at gender as a risk factor and age related issues drawing on statistical data from the NSW RTA and QLD Transport as well as social and cultural research from focus group studies with young drivers. Taking into consideration gender, age and the motor vehicle, the primary question of the paper will be: is gender more of a factor than age and how much of the risk factor is due to the motor vehicle itself? In combination these factors are all important and their contributions need to be more deeply examined separately and together.