Relatively little research has explored the personality types and interests of actuaries: the sole published study profiled North American actuaries using the Myers Briggs Type Indicator and the Strong Interest Inventory. In contrast, a number of studies of accountants have shown a clear and consistent dominance of certain personality preferences, with some authors expressing concern about the implied narrowness of the accounting profession and the possible lack of certain valued skills such as strategic thinking and persuasive communication. Personality type has been shown to be related to management, leadership and decision–making style; for example, it has been suggested that the dominance of Sensing / Concrete types in the accounting profession as a whole does not apply to those at the higher levels, who are predominantly Intuitive / Conceptual. This paper reviews what is known of the personality types of actuaries and contrasts the profiles of actuaries and accountants. The links between personality type and job satisfaction, leadership and management are explored. Finally, scope for further research and implications for the actuarial profession are highlighted.