Introduction and hypothesis: This study aims to compare native tissue abdominal and vaginal paravaginal repair, and to investigate whether surgical outcome was independent of operative route. Methods: Retrospective comparison of 111 displacement cysto-urethrocoeles, repaired between 1997 and 2007. Treatment was by surgeon assignment, 52 women having abdominal (APVR) and 59 vaginal paravaginal repairs. Main outcome measures were same-site prolapse recurrence, time to failure and surgical complications. Initial reliability was evaluated by chi-square test, 10-year durability by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards model. Results: When examined in the Cox proportional hazards model, anatomic results of APVR were more durable than a mechanically analogous transvaginal operation done [95% CI=1.029-2.708 (p value=0.038)]. Kaplan-Meier curves plateaued within 38 months. Symptom resolution was broadly equivalent. Surgical complication rate was 3.6%. Conclusions: Site-specific re-suture of torn native tissue has genuine curative potential. Most of the long-term success was attributable to site-specific repair, rather than nonspecific scar formation.