My emphasis in this chapter will be on models. Models shape the way we view development, the research questions we ask, and the kinds of advice we offer to policy makers. They influence decisions about timing(e.g., the timing of intervention or evaluation) and of target (e.g., the choice of goals or of circumstances and people to influence). The models to be considered are by no means all that might be covered. Instead, the “second looks” are restricted to some areas where I see a particular relevance to questions about families and some particular possibilities for considering some alternative positions and their implications. They have to do with the course of development, the interconnection of influences known as “family” and “community,” and the flow between research and policy.