It is not uncommon to find autism among young children. Autism is a spectrum disorder with various labels, such as Asperger’s Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, and can be classified as mild, moderate, severe and high functioning. Despite the fact that it covers a range of different diagnostic terms, children with autism have impairment in social awareness and interaction. Social ability is crucial in order to cope with everyday life. These children need assistance in learning communication skills so as to get along with others, especially their peers. Methods and styles of interaction and social support provided may vary between cultures and environments. This paper will investigate the socio-cultural contexts of children with autism and the support provided for them both in Japan and Australia, as well as identifying possible cultural hindrances to successful intervention strategies. Moreover, autism does not merely affect the child. It can mean chronic stress for the entire family. Family support advocated in both countries will also be discussed.
Copyright Common Ground and The Author/s. Article originally published in International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 9, pp.491-504. This version archived on behalf of the author/s and is available for individual, non-commercial use. Permission must be sought from the publisher to republish or reproduce or for any other purpose.