The purpose of this study was to investigate the parenting patterns of Hong Kong-Chinese mothers, and to examine the relationships among parental goals, parental beliefs and parenting styles. Questionnaires were completed by 189 mothers of children aged six to nine. Results indicated that Hong Kong-Chinese mothers embraced Chinese parental beliefs (guan) and Chinese parental goals of filial piety, and harmonious social relationships. In contrast to other studies on Chinese parenting, this study also examined Chinese mothers’ adoption of psychological control in addition to authoritarian and authoritative parenting. Hong Kong mothers were found to be authoritative and psychologically controlling rather than authoritarian as reported in previous research. A significant structural equation model emerged showing that mothers who embraced guan and filial piety tended to adopt an authoritarian or psychologically controlling parenting style, and those who embraced guan and harmonious social relationships tended to adopt an authoritative parenting style.