The aim of this research is to conduct an in depth analysis of the role that variables like education, previous work experience, family business background, social and family relations- hips and ethnic networks, links to the country of origin play in determining an entrepreneurship career. This study reviews the role and significance of Human Capital Vs Social capital as a determinant of entrepreneurial choice in a group of Indian immigrant entrepreneurs in Sydney in order to investigate and test the following hypotheses. H1There is a positive and significant relationship between the entrepreneurial choice and the social capital enjoyed by members of a common Indian ethnic group in Sydney. H2 Choice to become an entrepreneur has been negatively correlated with human capital. Data was collected from 52 Indian business firms, who owned, subways, post offices, KFC’s, Indian food store, restaurants, car wash ect. This research highlights that the role of human capital as a determinant of entrepreneurship cannot be overlooked.