Classical antiquity and Christianity. The beginning of religious history -- Group religions in the Roman Empire -- Synagogue and church in the Roman Empire : the insoluble problem of toleration -- The impact of Paul's gospel on ancient society -- "Antike und Christentum" : some recent work from Cologne -- "Antike und Christentum" : towards a definition of the field -- Athens and Jerusalem -- Documents of late antiquity. Jews, proselytes and God-fearers club together -- A state schoolteacher makes a salary bid -- The ecumenical synod of Dionysiac artists -- The puzzle of Christian presence in Egypt before Constantine -- The earliest use of monachos for "monk" (P.Coll.Youtie 77) and the origins of monasticism -- Fourth-century monasticism in the papyri -- The quest for mercy in late antiquity -- The magical use of scripture in the papyri -- From ancient to modern. The conversion of Rome : ancient sources of modern social tensions -- Christian innovation and its contemporary observers -- The interaction of biblical and classical education in the fourth century -- Conversion in the ancient world -- The absence of religion, even in Ammianus? -- Biblical sources of historical method -- Ancient beginnings of the modern world.