In the treatment of word finding in anomia both ‘phonological’ tasks (e.g. repetition, phonemic cueing), and ‘semantic’ tasks (e.g. word-picture matching, semantic judgements) have been found to be effective. However, there have been few direct comparisons of the relative effectiveness of these tasks within the same individuals: most reports differ in both tasks and participants. Hence it is difficult to distinguish whether differences in task efficacy are due to differences in the impairments of the people with aphasia treated, or subtle differences within the tasks. Hence, here we examine the efficacy of ‘semantic’ tasks (semantic judgement questions) and ‘phonological’ tasks (repetition, phonemic cueing) in facilitation with a case series of people with aphasia, and address the question: Do semantic and phonological tasks differ in their efficacy within and across individuals?