The contributions of Australian Colleges of Advanced Education (CAEs) to accounting education between 1966 and 1988 were potent. CAEs accelerated the growth of accounting pedagogy and scholarship in Australia following the establishment of formal university courses in Accounting and the appointment of the first fulltime university chair in 1955. This paper provides an historical account of the emergence and evolution of the academic discipline of Accounting in CAEs, demonstrating their linkages and benefits to the profession and the academy. They made valuable contributions to professional education and practice, institutional leadership, community development and applied scholarship. The paper focuses on a much overlooked period of accounting education development in Australia.